We’ll continue from where we had left in the previous blog. Here are some more byproducts of Coconuts below:
By-products from husk:
Fiber constitutes about 30 per cent of the husk and coir dust accounts for the rest. Coir and coir products are the most important output from the coconut husk. Coir pith finds application as manure (following composting), mulch material and for manufacturing briquettes which can alternate fuel replacing firewood for brick and tile industries.
Cultivating Mushroom with coconut by-products:
There are several methods to grow mushrooms, one of which is using by-products of coconut as substrate, the underlying layer or substance. Amongst the cultivated mushroom, oyster mushroom belongs to Pleurotus spp, and is the most suitable type for cultivation using coconut by-products due to its ability to use lignin rich substances and conducive climatic conditions in the areas where coconuts are grown.
Coconut bunch water, mix of coir pith + leaf stalk in 1:1 ratio and coir pith + bunch waste in 1:1 ratio and leaf stalk were identified to be better substrate for cultivating mushroom. On an average, mushroom yields 590 and 570g per kg dry weight of bunch waste and leaf stalk in a cropping period of 60 and 73 days respectively. Polybags cultivation technique can be adopted utilizing 3 per cent spawn applied by multi-layering method. This can be carried out in low cost sheds constructed using coconut materials including coconut wood and plaited coconut leaves inside an adult coconut garden. Spraying 1 per cent phosphate and 1 per cent of urea helps minimize the interval between flushes. P. florida, P. sajor caju and Pleurotus eous are some of the species cultivated using this technique.
- – Handicraft products include forks, ladles, shell buttons, show piece and ice creams cups made from coconut shells.
- – It is used for making furniture and wall panels.
– Coconut leaves are useful for making sheds and thatching houses. It is also applicable for making temporary fences and baskets. The midribs of coconut leaves are used for making brooms.