Coconut plays a predominant role in the agrarian economy of the country. Coconut is a staple of small and marginal growers since 98 percent of about 5 million coconut holdings in India are under two hectares. Whilst there is a concentration of palm plantation in the west coast of India, coconut plantations are a vital component of the home and grounds system of farming. It is also cultivated in the hinterlands where the climate needed for coconut growing is highly conducive. Besides the use of copra and coconut oil in the manufacture of hair oil, soaps, cosmetics and other value-added and commercial products, its husk is a rich source of fibre for application in the coir industry. The role played by coconut plants grown in tropical coastal regions in the area of disaster management is indispensable. The presence of coconut trees on the coastal areas not only contributes to the beautiful landscape architecture, but it can be useful in emergency rescue in the case of disaster or Tsunami.
A drink of coconut water directly from a green tender coconut can quench thirst especially in the summer heat and is rated high for its hygienic value. The tender coconut has high demand all over the world. Neer or Neera is a delectable, natural non-alcoholic beverage derived from the spathe or the young flower spike of coconut trees. Known for its sweet and excellent nutritional value, Neer is timeless as a popular drink. The main constituents of coconut water include ascorbic acid (a type of Vitamin C), riboflavin (Vitamin B2), nicotinic acid (Vitamin B3 and vitamin PP). The Brix value, which is the sugar content of an aqueous solution, is 16 (sugars) in comparison with 12 in sugarcane juice. Coconut oil contains a low glycemic count at 35 in comparison with sugarcane juice or cane sugar that is packed with a glycemic count of 80.